The Largest Countries in Asia

Vast Russian landscape in Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Krai

Vast Russian landscape in Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Krai (image: Alex Budko)

This is a list of Asia’s countries, dependencies and nations, listed from the largest to the smallest in km2. It includes all land area and internal waters – in effect this is the data that is generally used for lists referred to as the ‘biggest countries‘ or ‘largest countries‘, as opposed to the ‘countries with the most land area‘. The data mainly comes from the United Nations’ (UN) Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO), with some data included from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), plus via some encyclopedia’s and other independent sources whenever necessary.

We have included some estimates – from various sources – for a bunch of nations which are disputed territories that are operating as defacto countries, controlling most of their own affairs, with very little input from the country which – according to our governments, the UN and international organisations – administers them officially.

These additional independent fully-operational nations include Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus and South Ossetia – none of which are included within UN, FAO or CIA datasets, apart from some Northern Cyprus data appearing within the CIA World Factbook. The overall total for the country which officially administers them is included both with and without the disputed territory data.

There are also a handful of transcontinental nations in Asia, and all of them are also included in the chart below.

Largest Countries Chart

World / Europe / Americas / N. America / S. America / Asia / Middle East / Africa / Oceania

Country/Nation (dependency of)km2 [1]Method, Source and Additional Notes [1]
1Russia17,098,240Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
2China9,562,911Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
3India3,287,260Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
4Kazakhstan2,724,900Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
5Saudi Arabia2,149,690Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
6Indonesia1,910,930Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
7Iran1,745,150Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
8Mongolia1,564,120Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
9Pakistan796,100Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
10Turkey783,560Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
11Burma676,590Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
12Afghanistan652,860Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
13Yemen527,970FAO manual estimation
14Thailand513,120Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
15Turkmenistan488,100FAO manual estimation
16Uzbekistan447,400FAO manual estimation
17Iraq435,240FAO manual estimation
18Japan377,960Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
19Vietnam330,951FAO manual estimation
20Malaysia330,800FAO manual estimation
21Oman309,500Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
22Philippines300,000Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
23Laos236,800Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
24Kyrgyzstan199,949Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
25Syria185,180Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
26Cambodia181,040Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
27Bangladesh148,460Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
28Nepal147,180Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
29Tajikistan142,550Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
30North Korea120,540FAO manual estimation
31South Korea100,150Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
32Jordan89,320Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
Azerbaijan – including Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh86,600Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
33United Arab Emirates83,600FAO manual estimation
34Azerbaijan – excluding Nagorno-Karabakh75,056Official Azerbaijan data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries, minus estimated Nagorno-Karabakh total
Georgia – including Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia69,700Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
35Sri Lanka65,610Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
36Georgia – excluding South Ossetia, Abkhazia57,140Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries, minus estimated Abkhazia and South Ossetia totals
37Bhutan38,394Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
38Taiwan35,960FAO manual estimation
39Armenia29,740Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
40Israel22,070Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
41Kuwait17,820Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
42East Timor14,870FAO manual estimation
43Qatar11,610Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
44Nagorno-Karabakh11,544Figures via Nagorno-Karabakh government foreign office in the US
45Lebanon10,450Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
Cyprus – entire island including Republic of Cyprus, Northern Cyprus, Akrotiri & Dhekelia and UN Buffer Zone9,250Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
46Abkhazia8,660Encyclopaedia Britannica estimated total
47Palestine6,020Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
48Brunei5,770Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
49Republic of Cyprus5,394CIA World Factbook 2015
50South Ossetia3,900Collins English Dictionary estimated total
51Northern Cyprus3,355CIA World Factbook 2015
52Hong Kong (China)1,100Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
53Bahrain760FAO manual estimation
54Singapore716Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
UN-Controlled Buffer Zone in Cyprus347This is one estimation we found online, but have been unable to verify 100%. It is most definitely within 10% of the the true total, and may be 100% correct
55Maldives300Data reported on official national publications, websites or trade country files – sourced by FAO
56Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK)154CIA World Factbook 2015
57Macao (China)30Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

[1] This article uses multiple sources:

Main Sources:
FAOSTAT database > Download data > Inputs > Land” – FAOSTAT, United Nations (UN) Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
Country Comparison to the World – Field Listing :: Area” – The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Other Sources:
Abkhazia total – “Abkhazia“, Encyclopaedia Britannica
Nagorno-Karabakh total – “Country Profile“, Office of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic
in the United States of America
South Ossetia total – “South Ossetia“, Collins English Dictionary

Also Read:
Disputed Territories around the World
Overseas Territories around the World

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